Probiotics are likely something you’ve heard about if you’ve done any type of research on health and wellness over the last few years. They’re kind of a big deal these days, and with good reason.

Though medical science is still somewhat behind the eight ball when it comes to probiotics, researchers are learning more and more about the incredible power of these health supplements.

In this article, we’ll take an in depth look at probiotics. If you have any questions at all about their benefits, use, or anything probiotic related, you’ve come to the right place.

What Are Probiotics?

Probiotics are, in the most basic definition that suits our purposes here, good bacteria that are introduced to the body for their health benefits.

These good bacteria can come from food or supplements. As you’ll soon learn, the name “probiotics” makes up a fairly broad category.

I can hear you saying to yourself, “But aren’t bacteria bad?”

In a world filled with products to kill what are often referred to as germs, it seems silly to intentionally put them into our bodies. However, the bacteria in probiotics are helpful, as opposed to the illness-causing bacteria we try to eradicate.

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Living With Bacteria

As a matter of fact, there are already probiotics present in your body. The majority of these bacteria reside in your digestive system. The point of probiotics is simply to increase the number of good bacteria and to diversify the types of beneficial bacteria.

It is estimated that the bacteria that coexist with our bodies outnumber our bodily cells by three to ten times. There are tons of these organisms living on or in us, but sometimes we still need more good types to balance out the bad. Bad bacteria are those that cause infection.

Probiotic supplements are made up of microscopic yeasts and bacteria. Good probiotics will contain live specimens with a delivery system that protects these organisms. This way many more can make it through the digestive system, and on to the intestines where they are able to colonize and do the most good.

Why Do We Need Bacteria in Our Digestive Systems?

The answer to this question is fairly complicated. Medicine doesn’t fully understand the role that these bacteria play in our health. However, it’s becoming abundantly clear through study results that these tiny bacteria can have a huge impact on our overall health.

The gut contains the largest collection of microorganisms in the body. The yeasts and bacteria located there play a role in the effective digestion of the food we eat. They also serve many other functions in the body.

Gut Microbiota Breaks Down Fiber

Gut bacteria help to break down dietary fiber into short chain fatty acids. Studies have shown that certain dietary choices (a diet high in fiber) allow good bacterial colonization in the gut. This led to higher levels of short chain fatty acids.

Short chain fatty acids are important because some types provide energy for colonic cells. They also help ensure colon health on a cellular level.

Probiotics Help the Body Synthesize Nutrients

They also help our bodies synthesize certain vitamins like vitamin B and vitamin K. Our bodies need these vitamins to function at their peak, and the bacteria located in the gut help the body to make them.

The profile of bacteria present in the digestive tract can affect the body in ways we would have never imagined. For one thing, the guta large proportion of our immune system. These bacteria play a role in fighting off infection and serve many other functions as well.

The Importance of the Human Microbiota

Your skin, mouth, reproductive organs, eyes, and nose all contain colonies of bacteria that play a role in your overall health. The sum of these bacteria are referred to as the “human microbiota”.

Science is really just getting around to determining what the human microbiota consists of, let alone all of the functions that it serves.While it’s obvious to tell when bacteria are hurting us by the symptoms we experience (vomiting bug, anyone?), the connections between bacteria and positive functions is more blurred.

When your microbiota gets out of balance, your health may suffer. Many conditions can be worsened by bacteria that’s out of balance, or improved with a balanced microbiota.

Importance of Gut Health

Gut health really means a properly functioning gut with a well-balanced microbiome.

Possibly the best way to impress upon you the importance of gut health is to explain some of the things that can go wrong when the microbiome of your gut is out of balance. It is hypothesized that gut health encourages diseases like diabetes, hormonal imbalances, and cardiovascular problems.

Probiotics Side Effects

Not every probiotic supplement is going to work the same way for everyone. This is due in large part to the unique fingerprint of every individual’s current gut bacteria profile. It is thought that we are handed down a portion of the probiotics present in our bodies from our mothers.

Therefore, the potential side effects of probiotics are varied. They may cause some people to have diarrhea, and they may cause constipation in other people. Nausea may occur, as well. There are also some cases of allergic reaction to some ingredients in probiotic supplements.

For the most part, the side effects that most people with experience from taking probiotics are minor digestive discomforts like gas and bloating. These may be chalked up to the changing bacterial profile, but if they persist, you might consider a different supplement.

It doesn’t necessarily mean that probiotic supplements aren’t right for you, only that you may want to consider a different one. A supplement that utilizes different bacterial strains is probably a good plan.

What Else Affects Gut Health?

From birth on, there are several factors that have the potential to influence (both positively and negatively) your gut health. Some of these are lifestyle choices, and some of the influences are pretty well out of our hands.

Lifestyle choices that may affect your body’s natural probiotics include:

  • Diet
  • Smoking
  • Drug or alcohol consumption
  • and physical activity levels

Many disorders and diseases can have a negative effect on your gut’s microbiome.

Your physical surroundings can also make a great deal of difference when it comes to your gut. Pollution and other environmental factors can play a big role in the development and maintenance of good bacteria in the gut.

How Probiotics Work

Probiotics work in a few different ways. First and foremost, they introduce various strains of helpful bacteria to the gut. These supplements do this by utilizing capsules that can survive the digestive processes to get these bacteria further along the digestive tract.

The probiotics are introduced in large enough numbers that they are able to crowd out the bad bacteria.

Think of this facet of probiotics like weeds strangling out a garden, except that the good bacteria giving the bad bacteria the boot is a very good thing in this case.

The good bacteria also seek out and destroy bad bacteria. With these actions, probiotics are able to help balance the bacterial counts in the gut.

Who Should NOT Take Probiotics?

While take supplements like probiotics should always be discussed with your doctor beforehand, it’s important to note that there are some people for whom probiotic use could be particularly detrimental.

People with compromised immune systems should steer clear of probiotics unless they’re under direct orders from their physicians. Since gut health requires balance more than just high bacterial loads, an immune system that isn’t working as it should could mean probiotics hinder more than help.

People with certain food allergies should also be careful when using probiotics and check the labels over very carefully. Dairy allergy sufferers in particular take heed of this. Many probiotics contain small amounts of dairy proteins.

Action Steps

When choosing a probiotic, you can use these simple steps to find the right supplement for you.

  • Determine which, if any health conditions you hope to improve with the use of probiotics. The intended results will go a long ways in finding the best supplement for you.
  • If a more general probiotic is plenty, check out the reviews on our site. If you need a probiotic for a specific condition, check out which strains of bacteria and a general CFU count may best suit your needs. Seek out a supplement with a live bacteria guarantee.
  • Get your probiotic of choice and take it as the label recommends, typically at least daily. You might choose to start more slowly to avoid potential digestive issues that can come with shocking your gut flora with too many new good bacteria too fast.
  • Monitor how your probiotic is working for you. You can keep a log of your digestive health to help track whether the strains and amount of CFUs in your supplement is the right fit for you.

    It’s important to note here that not every probiotic works the same for every person. Each of our beginning gut microbiota is unique, so different strains may have various effects on different people.

To Sum Up Our Take on Probiotics

Probiotics can go a long ways to improving your overall health. They’ve certainly improved the way I feel. If you have any specific questions about probiotic supplements, feel free to ask us. As always, we’ll do our research and present you with the facts, not the typical online hype.